Australia, officially named as Commonwealth of Australia, is one of the most happening places in the world for one to study and live. In context of size, it is the sixth largest country in the world. Australia holds a position of pride as one of the most developed nations of the world. It is also one of the wealthiest countries and possesses an impressive continuous economic prosperity among all the countries in the world. Furthermore, in accordance to Prosperity Index, Australia is the fourth happiest country in the world along with 5 of the 30 best cities in the world for students (Top University Rankings 2015). Accordingly, we firmly believe you are sure to enjoy your time here!

Australia’s spectacular natural beauty, with the gorgeous beaches and stunning landscapes make every day feel like a holiday. Whether you are a student, a skilled professional, or a business person looking for attractive investments and expansion opportunities, Australia welcomes you.

Some important facts and figures about Australia:

  • It is located in the Southern Hemisphere between the Indian and Pacific ocean
  • It covers an area of nearly 7.7 million square kilometres
  • It is the 6th largest country in the world
  • It is the only nation to govern an entire continent
  • It is officially called the Commonwealth of Australia
  • It’s current population is approximately 23 million
  • It has the capital city Canberra located in The Australian Capital Territory, with a population of approximately 379,000
  • The largest city in Australia is ‘Sydney’ located in the state of New South Wales with a population of approximately 4.8 million
  • It is famous for landmark buildings including the Sydney Opera House, and the Sydney Harbour Bridge.

 

History

Despite the great age of the Australian continent, its recorded history is only very recent. It is usually believed that the earliest human population arrived over 50000 years ago from South East Asia who are referred to as Aboriginal People.

In 1770, Captain James Cook chartered the east coast and claimed it for Britain. The second big settlement started when European exploration of Australia began in 1606 when a Spanish navigator sailed through the Torres Strait, which separates Australia from Papua New Guinea. He was soon followed by Dutch, French and English explorers who began to chart the continent.

Currency

Australia’s national currency is the Australian dollar which comes in denominations of $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 notes. Coins are 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents and 1 & 2 dollar denominations. Colourful notes depict famous Australians both from past and present.

In 1996, Australia became the first country in the world to have a complete series of polymer (plastic) notes.

Geography

Australia is a land of contrasts: sweeping golden beaches, coral reefs rich with marine life, tropical rainforests, mountain ranges, vast grazing lands and sparse deserts.

Being one of the oldest continents, Australia is as wide as the distance from Kuala Lumpur to Taipei and as long as the distance from Singapore to Manila. It is the only country to occupy an entire continent covering the total area of 7.69 million square kilometres. Australia is world’s largest island but smallest continent!

Australia consists of six States and two Territories which are as follows:

State and Territories Population

(in million)

Main City
New South Wales 7.50 Sydney
Victoria 5.80 Melbourne
Queensland 4.70 Brisbane
Western Australia 2.50 Perth
South Australia 1.70 Adelaide
Tasmania 0.50 Hobart
Australian Capital Territory 0.38 Canberra
Northern Territory 0.24 Darwin

Map of Australia

Australia_map2

 

Climate

Things you should know before you move to Australia:

  • The Australian climate is not just hot – it offers a climate to suit everyone across its eight states and territories.
  • Situated in the southern hemisphere, Australia’s seasons are at opposite times to the northern hemisphere i.e. summer starts in December, autumn in March, winter in June and spring in September.
  • Australia’s tropical region also has a ‘wet’ and a ‘dry’ season.
  • Australia’s north is hotter where its tropics and outbacks are located.
  • Australia’s south is typically cooler, with the southernmost state, Tasmania, receiving an icy breeze from Antarctica.

 

Multicultural

Australian society is made up of people from a rich variety of cultural, ethnic, linguistic and religious backgrounds, and this is a defining feature of modern Australian society.

Since 1945 more than six million people from across the world have come to Australia as migrants to live. Today, more than 20 per cent of Australians are foreign born and more than 40 per cent are comprised of mixed cultural origin. Most homes speak 226 languages – after English, the most popular are Italian, Greek, Cantonese and Arabic. The rich cultural diversity is reflected in food, which embraces most of the world’s cuisines and artfully fuses quite a handful of them. You’ll find European flavours, the tantalising spices of Asia, African and Middle Eastern, and bush tucker from the backyard on offer everywhere from street stalls to five star restaurants. Tuck into Thai takeaway, dine out on perfect Italian pasta, do tapas in our city’s Spanish strips and feast on dumplings in Chinatown! You can also embrace our melting pot of cultures in numerous colourful festivals. See samba and capoeira at Bondi’s Brazilian South American festival, dance behind the dragon parade during Chinese New Year or stroll through streets transformed into a lively piazza during the annual Italian celebrations.  As a nation, we embrace a rainbow of religious belief and you’ll find Catholic and Anglican churches, Hindu, Sikh and Buddhist temples, mosques and synagogues lining side-by-side in our streets.

Economy

Australia possesses a developed modern market economy and has had one of the most outstanding economies of the world in recent years with high-growth, low-inflation and also low interest rates. Over the past decade, inflation has typically been 2–3% and the base interest rate 5–6% only. There is an efficient government sector, a flexible labour market and a very competitive business sector.

Since 1992, Australia has constantly averaged greater than 3 per cent economic growth recorded over 17 consecutive years. This economic stability places Australia in the top echelon of developed countries in terms of sustainable rates of growth.

The Australian economy is dominated by its service sector, representing 68% of Australian GDP. Following which, the agricultural and mining sectors account for 57% of the nation’s exports.

With its abundant physical resources, Australia has enjoyed a high standard of living since the nineteenth century. Australia is not only a major exporter of agricultural products, particularly wheat and wool, but also of minerals such as iron-ore and gold, and energy in the forms of liquefied natural gas and coal. It has made a comparatively significant investment in social infrastructure, including education, training, healthcare and transport.

According to the Reserve Bank of Australia, Australian per capita GDP growth is notably higher than that of New Zealand, US, Canada and The Netherlands.  The past performance of the Australian economy has been heavily influenced by US, Japanese and Chinese economic growth.

Government

In Australia, the government is divided into three levels: Federal, State and Local. The Federal government is the national system and is headed by the Prime Minister. Its responsibilities are defined in the Australian Constitution.

Each state/territory also has its own government system, headed by the Premier. The state government provides leadership for areas not covered at the federal level, although the two work together in instances that requires national co-operation.

Apart from the Australian Capital Territory, which is wholly governed by the federal and state governments, every other state and territory is divided into different regions, which are overlooked by the local government. The respective local government takes care of domestic issues in each area, such as rubbish collection, public and community services, etc.

We hope that we were able to provide you with sufficient and relevant information about Australia that are of importance. Despite maximum research, individual experiences may also vary. 

We look forward to assisting you and we wish you good luck in your professional progression.

Australian Landmarks

Opera House

1 Opera House(1)

Flinders Street Station

3 Flinders Street Station(1)

The Twelve Apostles

5 The Twelve Apostles(1)

Harbour Bridge

2 Harbour Bridge(1)

Parliament House

4 Parliament House(1)

Uluru / Ayers Rock

6 Uluru Ayers Rock(1)

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